What is liver resection?
Liver resection, also known as hepatectomy, refers to the surgical procedure in which part of the liver is removed. As much as half of the liver can be resected if the other part is still healthy. Removal of the right side of the liver also includes the gallbladder; this is because it is closely attached to the organ.
When is liver resection surgery necessary?
The most common reason why liver resection surgery is performed is due to cancer. Liver resection can help treat various types of liver cancer, colorectal cancer, and other types of cancers that spread to the liver. Removing affected parts of the liver can sometimes eliminate the cancer completely. Although not all surgical procedures successfully get rid of the cancer, it can help improve a person’s life expectancy.
Risks Associated with the Procedure
- Excess Bleeding
- Bad Reaction to Anesthesia
- Blood Clots
- Scar Formation
General anesthesia is always used for liver resection surgery; during this time the patient is completely under anesthesia. The entire procedure can last anywhere from two to five hours. Although blood transfusions are not usually required during a liver resection, it may be necessary in some cases.
Most patients are hospitalized for 1 to 2 weeks after the surgery is performed. Regular checkups may be necessary to ensure that the cancer has not returned. In addition, radiation treatment and chemotherapy may also be required following the surgery.
Not everyone is a good candidate for liver resection surgery; those suffering from metastatic cancer that has spread have a higher risk of undergoing surgery. Talking to your doctor is the only way to find out if liver resection surgery is right for you. Today, liver surgical resection can be performed to help people live a longer and better quality of life.