An Overview of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a medical procedure whereby the gallbladder is removed by using a video camera and a number of specially designed small instruments through four small incisions. Through this procedure, patients benefit from lesser discomfort, faster recovery and hospital stays, and smaller skin and internal scars.
Laparoscopic Gallbladder Surgery Success Rate
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has a complication rate of under 2% which means it is as good as traditional gallbladder surgery performed by experienced surgeons.
The Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Procedure
There have been thousands of laparoscopic cholecystectomy procedures done in the USA with a very high success rate. The procedure is performed by:
- Applying anesthesia
- Four incisions, one half-inch and the other three lesser than a half-inch are made around the umbilicus. The narrow plastic tubes or laparoscopic ports are placed in the incisions to allow safe passage of the laparoscope or laparoscopic camera and the three small instruments designed to delicately cut off the gallbladder from the liver as well as the bile duct.
- The surgeon can safely operate on the gallbladder with the aid of a monitor transmitting the video.
- An X-ray or cholangiogram may be needed to determine the presence of bile duct stones.
- The incisions are closed upon the successful removal of the gallbladder.
Effects of Unsuccessful Procedures
In rare occasions, there may be excessive scarring or the internal anatomy may be unclear which leads to the surgeon deciding to go for a traditional open surgical operation instead. This has not been the case in more than 95% of laparoscopic choleystectomy procedures.
Usually, this happens mostly for patients who are obese, have acute cholecystitis, have dense scar tissue from past surgeries, or those who bleed abnormally in the operation.
Risks Involved in Laparoscopic Choleystectomy
Although complications are rare, there have been some cases of complications such as bleeding, bile leakage, infection, blood clots, pneumonia, and heart problems. Patients who suffer fever, yellow eyes or skin, pain in the abdomen, nausea and vomiting, distention, or drainage from the incision should contact their surgeon immediately.
Surgical injury to nearby organs rarely happen and require surgical repairs. Accidental or deliberate gallbladder opening releases stones into the abdomen which can cause scarring.
Hospitalization and Recovery Period
Compared to traditional open cholecystectomy which can take five days of hospital stay, laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients may go home during the same day of the procedure or the next.
It normally takes a week to resume to normal daily activities but it all depends on how the patient feels. Patients are advised to walk regularly and can shower the day after the procedure. In most cases, patients resume work after a week up to ten days. However, strenuous jobs such as heavy lifting or manual labor may need two weeks to a month to fully recover.
Trusted Surgery Specialists
One of the most popular clinics for different clinical surgeries such as Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in the USA are the ‘Bay Surgical Specialists‘ clinics. Contact us and set an appointment with one of our physicians.